If you read two finance books in your life, read this book twice.
One author is a psychologist, the other is a writer for Money magazine, and together they walk you through the developments in behavioral economics (which studies how we make economic decisions). Unfortunately, there are financial mistakes us humans commonly make, so it's more a matter of being aware of these pitfalls. This book describes these errors and more importantly, why they are counter-intuitive.
If you're not going to read it (shame on you!), here's the list of steps you should take (listed at the end of the book):